[6119-70-6] Quinine sulfate dihydrate AKSci M874
 
 
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  M874    
Quinine sulfate dihydrate
, 95% (HPLC)
 
Quinine hemisulfate monohydrate




IDENTITY
CAS Number:[6119-70-6]
MDL Number:MFCD00150790
MF:(C20H24N2O2)2.H2SO4.2H2O
MW:782.94
EINECS:212-359-2
BRN:6113937
SPECIFICATIONS & PROPERTIES
Purity:95% (HPLC)
Available Spectra:LCMS, HPLC, Polarimtery
Physical Form:White powder
Melting Point:232-235°C
Optical Rotation:-220±5 ° (c=2 in 0.1M HCl)
Long-Term Storage:Store at room temperature
UN #:Not hazmat

REVIEW

 Quinine is a naturally occurring quinuclidine alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. The medicinal properties of the cinchona tree were originally discovered by the Quechua, who are indigenous to Peru and Bolivia; later, the Jesuits were the first to bring cinchona to Europe. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels Quinine was the first effective treatment for malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum, appearing in therapeutics in the 17th century. It remained the antimalarial drug of choice until the 1940s, when other drugs such as chloroquine that have fewer unpleasant side effects replaced it. Since then, many effective antimalarials have been introduced, although quinine is still used to treat the disease in certain critical circumstances, such as severe malaria, and in impoverished regions due to its low cost. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood. The most widely accepted hypothesis of its action is based on the well-studied and closely related quinoline drug, chloroquine. This model involves the inhibition of hemozoin biocrystallization, which facilitates the aggregation of cytotoxic heme. Free cytotoxic heme accumulates in the parasites, causing their deaths. Quinine is available with a prescription in the United States and over-the-counter, in minute quantities, in tonic water. Quinine is also used to treat lupus and arthritis. Quinine was also frequently prescribed in the US as an off-label treatment for nocturnal leg cramps, but this has become less prevalent due to a Food and Drug Administration statement warning against the practice.

REFERENCES
[1]Achan J, Talisuna AO, Erhart A, Yeka A, Tibenderana JK, Baliraine FN, Rosenthal PJ, D'Alessandro U. Quinine, an old anti-malarial drug in a modern world: role in the treatment of malaria. Malar J. 2011 May 24;10:144.
[2] Yeka A, Achan J, D'Alessandro U, Talisuna AO. Quinine monotherapy for treating uncomplicated malaria in the era of artemisinin-based combination therapy: an appropriate public health policy? Lancet Infect Dis. 2009 Jul;9(7):448-52.
[3] Praygod G, de Frey A, Eisenhut M. Artemisinin derivatives versus quinine in treating severe malaria in children: a systematic review. Malar J. 2008 Oct 17;7:210.
[4] Reyburn H, Mtove G, Hendriksen I, von Seidlein L. Oral quinine for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. BMJ. 2009 Jul 21;339:b2066.

GHS

Pictograms

Signal Word
Warning

Hazard Statements
H315; H319; H335

Precautionary Statements
P261; P264; P271; P280; P302+P352; P304+P340; P305+P351+P338; P312; P321; P332+P313; P337+P313; P362; P403+P233; P405; P501


RELATED PRODUCTS
X7113Quinine
I951Quinine HCl
M874Quinine sulfate dihydrate
B338Quinidine
B337Dihydroquinine
S101Dihydroquinidine

Current as of August 20, 2017


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CATEGORIES

 APIs and Bioactives > Alkaloids


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