REVIEW CYT387(momelotinib) is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of JAK1/JAK2 with IC50 of 11 nM/18 nM, ~10-fold selectivity versus JAK3. IC50 value: 11 nM/18 nM(JAK1/JAK2). Target: JAK1/JAK2 in vitro: CYT387 inhibits the proliferation of parental Ba/F3 cells (Ba/F3-wt) stimulated by IL-3 with IC50 of 1400 nM. Furthermore, CYT387 also causes the inhibition of cell proliferation in cell lines constitutively activated by JAK2 or MPL signaling, including Ba/F3-MPLW515L cells, CHRF-288-11 cells and Ba/F3-TEL-JAK2 cells with IC50 of 200 nM, 1 nM and 700 nM, respectively. In addition, CYT387 has been shown to inhibit erythroid colony growth in vitro from JAK2V617F-positive PV patients with similar potency with IC50 of 2µ-4 µM. A recent study shows that CYT387 inhibits PI3K/AKT and Ras/MAPK signaling induced by IL-6 and IGF-1. Moreover, CYT387 induces apoptosis as a single agent and synergizes with the conventional anti-MM therapies bortezomib and melphalan in primary multiple myeloma (MM) cells. in vivo: In a murine MPN model, CYT387 normalizes white cell counts, hematocrit, spleen size, and restores physiologic levels of inflammatory cytokines.
Tyner JW, et al. CYT387, a novel JAK2 inhibitor, induces hematologic responses and normalizes inflammatory cytokines in murine myeloproliferative neoplasms. Blood, 2010, 115(25), 5232-5240.
Monaghan KA, et al. The novel JAK inhibitor CYT387 suppresses multiple signalling pathways, prevents proliferation and induces apoptosis in phenotypically diverse myeloma cells. Leukemia, 2011, 25(12), 1891-1899.
Pardanani A, et al. CYT387, a selective JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor: in vitro assessment of kinase selectivity and preclinical studies using cell lines and primary cells from polycythemia vera patients. Leukemia, 2009, 23(8), 1441-1445.