104987-11-3 Tacrolimus AKSci J95758
 
 
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  J95758    
Tacrolimus
, 95%
 
Fugimycin

Structure N/A

IDENTITY
CAS Number:104987-11-3
MDL Number:MFCD00869853
MF:C44H69NO12
MW:804.02
BRN:6265275
SPECIFICATIONS & PROPERTIES
Purity:95%
Physical Form:White to off-white crystalline powder
Melting Point:125-133°C
Optical Rotation:-84.4° (c=1, CHCl3)
Long-Term Storage:Store long-term at -20°C
UN #:UN2811
Hazard Class:6.1
Packing Group:III

BIOLOGICAL INFO
Solubility:DMSO; H2O: insoluble
Application(s):An agent that binds to the immunophilin FKBP2 and inhibits calcineurin

REVIEW

 The mechanism of action of tacrolimus in atopic dermatitis is not known. While the following have been observed, the clinical significance of these observations in atopic dermatitis is not known. It has been demonstrated that tacrolimus inhibits T-lymphocyte activation by first binding to an intracellular protein, FKBP-12. A complex of tacrolimus-FKBP-12, calcium, calmodulin, and calcineurin is then formed and the phosphatase activity of calcineurin is inhibited. This prevents the dephosphorylation and translocation of nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NF-AT), a nuclear component thought to initiate gene transcription for the formation of lymphokines. Tacrolimus also inhibits the transcription for genes which encode IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, GM-CSF, and TNF-, all of which are involved in the early stages of T-cell activation. Additionally, tacrolimus has been shown to inhibit the release of pre-formed mediators from skin mast cells and basophils, and to downregulate the expression of FceRI on Langerhans cells.

REFERENCES
[1]Kino T, Hatanaka H, Hashimoto M, Nishiyama M, Goto T, Okuhara M, Kohsaka M, Aoki H, Imanaka H: FK-506, a novel immunosuppressant isolated from a Streptomyces. I. Fermentation, isolation, and physico-chemical and biological characteristics. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1987 Sep;40(9):1249-55.
[2] Pritchard DI: Sourcing a chemical succession for cyclosporin from parasites and human pathogens. Drug Discov Today. 2005 May 15;10(10):688-91.
[3] Liu J, Farmer JD Jr, Lane WS, Friedman J, Weissman I, Schreiber SL: Calcineurin is a common target of cyclophilin-cyclosporin A and FKBP-FK506 complexes. Cell. 1991 Aug 23;66(4):807-15.
[4] Fukatsu S, Fukudo M, Masuda S, Yano I, Katsura T, Ogura Y, Oike F, Takada Y, Inui K: Delayed effect of grapefruit juice on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tacrolimus in a living-donor liver transplant recipient. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2006 Apr;21(2):122-5.

GHS

Pictograms

Signal Word
Warning

Hazard Statements
H315; H319; H335

Precautionary Statements
P261; P264; P271; P280; P302+P352; P304+P340; P305+P351+P338; P312; P321; P332+P313; P337+P313; P362; P403+P233; P405; P501


Current as of June 20, 2019


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CATEGORIES

 APIs and Bioactives > Immunomodulators


PubChem