REVIEW An anticonvulsant (antiepilepsy) drug. The exact mechanism of action is unknown. The properties that may contribute to topiramate's antiepileptic and antimigraine efficacy include a blockage of voltage-dependent sodium channels, an augmentation of gamma-aminobutyrate acid activity at some subtypes of the GABA- A receptors, antagonism of AMPA/kainate subtype of the glutamate receptor, and inhibition of the carbonic anhydrase enzyme, particularly isozymes II and IV .
Caricilli AM, Penteado E, de Abreu LL, Quaresma PG, Santos AC, Guadagnini D, Razolli D, Mittestainer FC, Carvalheira JB, Velloso LA, Saad MJ, Prada PO (2012). Topiramate treatment improves hypothalamic insulin and leptin signaling and action and reduces obesity in mice. Endocrinology. 153(9):4401-11. PMID 22822160.
These products are explicitly not intended to be used in foods and/or cosmetics and/or drugs (human and veterinary) and/or consumer products and/or biocides and/or pesticides of any kind unless explicitly stated otherwise.
Products are not sold to individuals. We do not ship to residential addresses. Consumer orders will be cancelled without notice.
New customers undergo an internal onboarding process. As part of this process, new customers may be asked for more information. Additional restrictions may apply.
WARNING: Attention California residents: This product can expose you to chemicals including Topiramate, which is known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. For more information, go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.