REVIEW Thalidomide is used for treating multiple myeloma in combination with dexamethasone, erythema nodosum leprosum, and alleviating symptoms of HIV, with strict controls to prevent birth defects. Thalidomide is a potent inhibitor of new blood vessel growth (angiogenesis), which is required for tumor growth.
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Horton MR, Hallowell RW (2012). Revisiting thalidomide: fighting with caution against idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Drugs Today (Barc). 48(10):661-71. PMID 23110262.