REVIEW Atipamezole (brand name Antisedan, Pfizer) is a synthetic alpha2-adrenergic antagonist with an imidazole structure, indicated for the reversal of the sedative and analgesic effects of dexmedetomidine and medetomidine in dogs. It has also been researched in humans as a potential anti-Parkinsonian drug. Receptor binding studies indicate that its affinity for alpha2-adrenoceptors and its alpha2/alpha1 selectivity ratio are considerably higher than those of yohimbine, the prototype alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist. Atipamezole is not selective for subtypes of alpha2-adrenoceptors. Unlike many other alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists, it has negligible affinity for 5-HT1A and I2 binding sites.
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