REVIEW Amlodipine benzenesulfonate is a long-acting dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used as an antihypertensive and in the treatment of angina pectoris. It acts by relaxing the smooth muscle in the arterial wall, decreasing total peripheral resistance and thereby reducing blood pressure. In angina, amlodipine increases blood flow to the heart muscle.
Arrowsmith, John E.; Campbell, Simon F.; Cross, Peter E.; Stubbs, John K.; Burges, Roger A.; Gardiner, Donald G.; Blackburn, Kenneth J. Long-acting dihydropyridine calcium antagonists. 1. 2-Alkoxymethyl derivatives incorporating basic substituents Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (1986), 29(9), 1696-702.
Coppi, Laura; Gasanz, Guillen Yolanda; Campon, Pardo Julio Intermediate for the synthesis of amlodipine, preparation process and corresponding utilization PCT Int. Appl. (2000), WO 2000024714 A1 20000504.
Peters, Theodorus H. A.; Benneker, Franciscus B. G.; Slanina, Pavel; Bartl, Jiri Process for making amlodipine and related compounds via cyclocondensation of 2-(o-chlorobenzylidene)-4-(2-phthalimidoethoxy)acetoacetates with 3-aminocrotonates U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2002), US 20020143046 A1 20021003.
Nayler WG, Gu XH: The unique binding properties of amlodipine: a long-acting calcium antagonist. J Hum Hypertens. 1991 Aug;5 Suppl 1:55-9.
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