REVIEW The mechanism of action of entacapone is believed to be through its ability to inhibit COMT in peripheral tissues, altering the plasma pharmacokinetics of levodopa. When entacapone is given in conjunction with levodopa and an aromatic amino acid decarboxylase inhibitor, such as carbidopa, plasma levels of levodopa are greater and more sustained than after administration of levodopa and an aromatic amino acid decarboxylase inhibitor alone. It is believed that at a given frequency of levodopa administration, these more sustained plasma levels of levodopa result in more constant dopaminergic stimulation in the brain, leading to a greater reduction in the manifestations of parkinsonian syndrome.
Najib J: Entacapone: a catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor for the adjunctive treatment of Parkinson''s disease. Clin Ther. 2001 Jun;23(6):802-32; discussion 771.
Chong BS, Mersfelder TL: Entacapone. Ann Pharmacother. 2000 Sep;34(9):1056-65.
Poewe WH, Deuschl G, Gordin A, Kultalahti ER, Leinonen M: Efficacy and safety of entacapone in Parkinson''s disease patients with suboptimal levodopa response: a 6-month randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study in Germany and Austria (Celomen study). Acta Neurol Scand. 2002 Apr;105(4):245-55.
Brooks DJ, Sagar H: Entacapone is beneficial in both fluctuating and non-fluctuating patients with Parkinson''s disease: a randomised, placebo controlled, double blind, six month study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003 Aug;74(8):1071-9.
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