REVIEW Rutecarpine (rutaecarpine) is a indolopyridoquinazoline alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa (Wu-Chu-Yu) which remains the most popular and multi-purpose herb traditionally used in China for treatment of headache, abdominal pain, postpartum hemorrhage, dysentery and amenorrhea. Rutaecarpine is one of the intriguing indolopyridoquinazoline alkaloids isolated from Wu-Chu-Yu. Rutaecarpine has been shown to have cardiovascular biological effects such as inotropic and chronotropic, vasorelaxant, anti-platelet aggregation and anti-inflammatory effects. Furthermore, it has been reported that rutaecarpine has beneficial effects on some cardiovascular diseases. Rutecarpine has also been shown to be a COX-2 inhibitor.
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