REVIEW The thiol metabolite is responsible for most of the cytoprotective and radioprotective properties of amifostine. It is readily taken up by cells where it binds to and detoxifies reactive metabolites of platinum and alkylating agents as well as scavenges free radicals. Other possible effects include inhibition of apoptosis, alteration of gene expression and modification of enzyme activity.
Santini V, Giles FJ: The potential of amifostine: from cytoprotectant to therapeutic agent. Haematologica. 1999 Nov;84(11):1035-42.