Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor; NMDA-activated ion channels blocker
REVIEW Agmatine sulfate is a natural metabolite salt of the amino acid arginine. It is formed when arginine is decarboxylated by the enzyme arginine decarboxylase and is found naturally. Some of the biochemical mechanisms discovered so far concern agmatine's indication for diabetes, neuroprotection, and psychiatric conditions.
Su, Rui-Bin; Wang, Wei-Ping; Lu, Xin-Qiang; Wu, Ning; Liu, Zhi-Min; Li, Jin. Agmatine blocks acquisition and re-acquisition of intravenous morphine self-administration in rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. (2009) 92(4): 676-682.
Kotagale, Nandkishor Ramdas; Shirbhate, Saurabh Haridas; Shukla, Pradeep; Ugale, Rajesh Ramesh. Agmatine attenuates neuropathic pain in sciatic nerve ligated rats: Modulation by hippocampal sigma receptors. European Journal of Pharmacology. (2013) 714(1-3): 424-431.
Kotagale, Nandkishor R.; Taksande, Brijesh G.; Wadhwani, Paresh J.; Palhade, Mahesh W.; Mendhi, Sachin M.; Gawande, Dinesh Y.; Hadole, Pravin N.; Chopde, Chandrabhan T. Psychopharmacological study of agmatine in behavioral tests of schizophrenia in rodents. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. (2012) 100(3): 398-403.
Golding, Bernard T.; Griffin, Roger J.; Mitchinson, Andrew; O'Sullivan, Mary C.New Routes to polyamine analogs Biochemical Society Transactions (1994), 22(4), 391S.